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La fabrique des héros omeyyades : Maslama b. 'Abd al-Malik, le héros combattant

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Chapter Summary

In the Islamic context, all rulers, sultans and caliphs, albeit in different registers, appear as "kings platitudes", as sources accumulate only topoi of good and bad government, picking the same examples, citing the same figures or same metaphors. ʿUmar b. ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz could not use the same wealth of information in the sources as the son of ʿAbd al-Malik. It must be said that his brief caliphate (99-101 / 717-720) could not compete in chronic long career with the General. The elements associated with the sovereign did not lend themselves to the same developments as those that characterize the military campaigns in chronographies. The data are therefore more tenuous, but did not reveal the least manufacturing process of an Islamic hero. In this chapter, we find that the Caliph 'saint', Abd al-ʿAzīz, was a Muslim hero par excellence. The original text of the chapter is in French.

Keywords: ʿUmar b. ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz; Caliph saint; Umayyads heroes

10.1163/ej.9789004185616.i-544.21
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