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La fabrique des héros omeyyades: 'Umar b. 'Abd al-Azīz, le calife « saint »'

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Chapter Summary

The Abbasid Revolution embodies in essence 'the event' in the story of the first centuries of Islam. This is a must-see episode to understand the history of Syrian space of the 2nd/8th century insofar as it determines the meaning, that of a catastrophic decline of the province for the benefit of Iraq. This chapter provides an extract of the valuable remarks of G. Duby which talk about events which give only traces of life. These traces are primarily narrative of the episode which had fatal warnings to the Umayyads in 132/750, the Abbasid Revolution. This expression itself was the terminology devoted to designate a time hinge of Islamic history, which marks the overthrow of the first dynasty of Islam, that of the Umayyads (661-750), supplanted by the line of the Abbasids (750-1258). The original text of the chapter is in French.

Keywords: Abbasid Revolution; Syria; Umayyads



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