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L'exercice du pouvoir dans l'espace syrien du IIe/VIIIe siècle : une histoire du sens

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Chapter Summary

This conclusion presents some closing thoughts of the concepts discussed in the book Entre mémoire et pouvoir: L'espace syrien sous les derniers Omeyyades et les premiers Abbassides (v. 72-193/692-809). The book discusses the methodological challenges to any research on the early centuries of Islam. Two Marwanid figures were particularly focused in the book: Maslama b. ʿAbd al-Malik and ʿUmar b. ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz. They illustrate both the complexity of the story writing process while at the same time revealing deep historiographical competitions. Alongside these Umayyad figures, essential to the political realization of the Abbasids, chronographs serving them composed a myth of origins aiming in particular to minimize the confiscation of power that made their masters, from 132/750. A highly standardized Vulgate was thus released and prevailed widely in both medieval and modern historiography. The original text of the chapter is in French.

Keywords: ʿUmar b. ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz; Abbasids; Maslama b. ʿAbd al-Malik; Syria; Umayyad



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