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The Limits Of Transconfessional Contact In The Republic Of Letters Around 1600: Scaliger, Casaubon, And Their Catholic Correspondents

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Chapter Summary

The study of confessionalisation in relation to the Republic of Letters is not new, although it has been examined only in the more loosely formulated terms of the relationship between humanism and Protestantism. The Republic of Letters is usually, but often unconsciously, seen as a Protestant one. Lipsiuss great contemporary Joseph Scaliger left no doubt as to where he stood. Isaac Casaubon, the third man in the intellectual triumvirate of the Republic of Letters, indeed knew how to adjust, but suffered much pain from that compromise. Confessional difference had a strong impact on scholars. Scaliger feared the politics of Catholic confessionalisation. Scaligers new Calvinist environment, which was geographically closer to other Protestant regions and politically associated with them, naturally pulled him into the hemisphere of northern Protestant latehumanism. In the realm of the Republic of Letters, the Catholic confessionalisation had a greater impact than the Protestant one.

Keywords: Catholic confessionalisation; humanism; Isaac Casaubon; Joseph Scaliger; Protestantism; Republic of Letters



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