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Erasmus And The Philological Study Of The New Testament

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Chapter Summary

One of the intriguing monographs dedicated to Erasmus in recent decades is saliently entitled Erasmus Man of Letters. Erasmus confirmed his entry into the clergy by receiving the priesthood in 1492. Erasmus hurried back to England as soon as he was informed about the accession of King Henry VIII. He taught Greek and theology at Cambridge for a while, but soon devoted himself totally to his Jerome and the New Testament. To secure a good reception of Jeromes works, he sent three letters to Rome in 1515. He summarized the three aspects of his textual criticism: the emendation and correction through the collation of many very old manuscripts, the correction of the mangled Greek and Hebrew phrases, and the separation of spurious works. Re-editions of his New Testament prove that Erasmus was almost continuously reworking parts of it.

Keywords: Erasmus; Greek manuscripts; Hebrew phrases; Jerome; New Testament; priesthood; Rome



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