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Chapter Summary

The making of Çukurova entailed very complex political and economic processes that worked not against or despite one another, but together; this was not simply part of the story of the peripheralization of the Ottoman Empire by the European center. The rise in agricultural and industrial production by the 1910s pointed to the exceptionally speedy formation of a regional economy. Comparison of cotton production levels in the rest of Anatolia and northern Syria can easily substantiate the preeminence of Çukurova in cotton agriculture. During the World War I, buying raw material, including cotton, from the Ottoman Empire turned out to be a complicated business for European merchants. The Republic inherited a well-defined pattern of commercialized agriculture, which proceeded along transportation lines and ports. Trends in commodity production, mechanization, urbanization, land area, and output continued into the Republican period and underwent dramatic increases.

Keywords: Çukurova; agricultural production; cotton cultivation; European merchants; industrial production; Ottoman empire



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