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The First Prayer Of Festival Prayers (1Q34+1Q34Bis, 4Q508, 4Q509): A Prayer For The Beginning Of The Quarter?

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Chapter Summary

A fragment with a formal script was discovered in 1949 in Qumran Cave 1, which Jozef T. Milik identified like the remainder of a "recueil de prieres liturgiques". This fragment received the siglum 1Q34. In the seventh volume of Discoveries in the Judaean Desert ( DJD) in 1982, Maurice Baillet identified three scrolls with a similar content: 4Q507, 4Q508 and 4Q509. Three passages of 4Q508 and 4Q509 present significant overlaps in 1Q34+1Q34bis and few words of 4Q508 are similar to 4Q509. This chapter discusses only the identification of a prayer with the autumn New Year, the first day of the seventh month of the year which is attested before the quotation of the Day of Atonement and the prayer recited during the feast in 1Q34 2+1 6, "Prayer for the Day of Atonement. Remem[ber, O L]ord [. . .]," a vacat probably indicates the transition from a feast to another.

Keywords: Discoveries in the Judaean Desert; Festival Prayers; Jozef T. Milik



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