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Istria At The Onset Of The Frankish Rule, Or The Impact Of Global Politics On Regional And Local Conditions

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Chapter Summary

Two sources provide direct information on the initial period of Frankish rule in Istria that lasted about fifteen years (788-804). The first is Charlemagne's letter to his wife Fastrada from September 791. The second source that testifies to Frankish presence in Istria is the famous document of the Diet of Rizana that was probably held in 804. Whether Charlemagne occupied Byzantine Istria in the same period as Bavaria (788) is not clear, but it is highly likely. The Avars, whose principal military strengths had always been speed and surprise, were defeated at their own game. The conditions in the vast newly conquered territory, extending from the Bohemian area to the Dalmatian hinterland and from the borders of Italy to the Danube in Pannonia, were however far from under control and Avar power was not yet entirely broken.

Keywords: Avars; Byzantine Istria; Charlemagne; Danube; Diet of Rižana; Fastrada; Frankish rule; Pannonia



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