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The Price Of Mediation: The Role Of Priests In The Priestly Halakhah

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Chapter Summary

The halakhic system embedded in the Qumran writings is the one that was accepted by the Community, and was partly created within its own confines after the withdrawal and after its decision to adopt a 364-day calendar that had never been used in the Land of Israel before. The Qumranic halakhic system needs to be teased apart to identify those elements adhered to by the community and those also accepted by the wider group from which the community detached itself, the priestly circle who controlled the Jerusalem temple during the fourth, third, and second centuries B.C.E. This chapter reconstructs a halakhic disagreement between the early priestly circle and the Pharisees. It then defines the principle governing the halakhah presented by the priests and suggest that this principle formed the core of the dispute between the two parties.

Keywords: halakhah; Priest; Qumran



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