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Canonization And Gender In Qumran: 4Q179, 4Q184, 2Q18 And 11QPsalmsa

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Chapter Summary

This chapter suggests a model to be applied to three compositions from the Ketuvim and Pseudepigrapha, traces of which were found in Qumran, and for which the issue of gender, and gender presentation may have played a role in the interest they held for the Qumranites and in their final canonization/non-canonization in the Hebrew Bible we use today. The texts are Lamentations, Proverbs, and Ben Sira. Unlike Lamentations and Proverbs, Ben Sira is not part of the Hebrew Bible, but it is certainly the book for which we have most evidence of the difficulty Jews had parting with it when the canon was decided.

Keywords: Ben Sira; canonization; gender; Hebrew Bible; Lamentations; Proverbs; Qumran



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