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Interpretive Circles: The Case Of The Dead Sea Scrolls

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Chapter Summary

This chapter examines combines three distinct sets of sources: (1) the corpus of the Dead Sea scrolls-primary textual source; (2) the archaeological site of Qumran-material source; and (3) Contemporary historical testimony, namely the writings of Philo, Pliny the Elder and Flavius Josephus-secondary textual source. In the quoted passage from Roland De Vaux's book, he starts with two separate observations. First, he points out the textual resemblance between the Qumran writings and the descriptions by the three ancient writers of the Essenes. Second, he points out the geographic correspondence between the site of Qumran and Plinys location of the Essenes. The chapter then focuses on connection between the two separate threads and question of assessing the strength of the argument as a whole.

Keywords: Dead Sea Scrolls; Essenes; Flavius Josephus; Philo; Pliny; Qumran; Roland De Vaux



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