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Enochic Judaism: An Assessment

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Chapter Summary

The non-canonical literature from Qumran that has commanded most scholarly attention in the last decade or so is undoubtedly the literature associated with the name of Enoch. This chapter focuses on Gabriele Boccaccinis theses, specifically his view of Enochic Judaism and the relationship he posits between this branch of Judaism and the sectarian movement known from the Dead Sea Scrolls. Boccaccini proposes the thesis that Enochic Judaism is the modern name for the mainstream body of the Essene party, from which the Qumran community parted as a radical, dissident, and marginal offspring. The chapter comments on the relation between the two orders of Essenes, and between the Damascus Document and the Community Rule. Josephus gives no hint that the existence of the two orders of Essenes was due to a schism.

Keywords: Damascus Document; Dead Sea Scrolls; Enochic Judaism; Essenes; Gabriele Boccaccini; schism; sectarian movement



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