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Islam In The Sudan

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Chapter Summary

The niche that Islam carved for itself in the Nilotic Sudan involved a gradual process that began with the Arab conquest of Egypt in 641. When Alexandria fell in the latter half of 641, the Muslim general ʿAmr b. al-ʿĀs began sending military expeditions into Nubia. At this time, Nubia consisted of two Christian kingdoms: Nubia and ʿAlwa. Shuqayr maintains that the demise of Nubia corresponds to the ascendancy of a dynastic state in the region known as the Sultanate of the Funj. This state was founded in the early sixteenth century by a king known as ʿAmāra Dūnqas, and continued to exist until the Turco-Egyptian invasion of 1820. The rulers of the Darfur Sultanate, like the Funj elite, claimed to be descendants of Arab nobility. From 1874 until the beginning of the Mahdist revolt in 1882, Darfur was, at least in theory, a part of the Turco-Egyptian Sudan.

Keywords: Darfur Sultanate; Funj Sultanate; Islam; Mahdist revolt; Nilotic Sudan; Nubia; Turco-Egyptian Sudan



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