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Lay And Theological Reception Of Clement Of Alexandria In The Reformation. From Gentien Hervet To Fénélon

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Chapter Summary

In this chapter the author argues that Clement of Alexandria is something of an anomaly in this context precisely because no confession could identify with him. The translator was Gentien Hervet, the well-known post-Tridentine Roman Catholic controversialist and translator of Aristotle and several Greek Fathers. In Bellarmino's Controuersiae Christianae fideis "the teacher of Origen," as he calls Clement, is an authority like any other. Possevino had a better knowledge of Clement's writings than either Hervet, Bellarmino, or Baronius, but his view of the father's theology, while more favourable than Bellarmino's, did little to improve the Alexandrian's theological image. The seventeenth century witnessed the rise of philosophy, science, and philology as autonomous disciplines, and ones that had to be confronted with theological data instead of serving as theology's handmaidens.

Keywords: Alexandria; Aristotle; Baronius; Bellarmino; Catholic; Clement; Gentien Hervet; Greek; Possevino; seventeenth century



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