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Chapter Summary

This is the concluding chapter of the book which introduces the assumption that the difference between pre-Islamic Arabic and New Arabic vernaculars in the urban areas of the conquered territories in the early two centuries after the conquests was a function of a process of informal second language acquisition. In this process, native speakers modified their linguistic output to communicate with non-natives. Modified input was internalized and later became the variety of Arabic used in the urban centers of the Arab world. The type of modified input used in the process of acquisition was Foreigner Talk (FT).

Keywords: Foreigner Talk (FT); informal second language acquisition; New Arabic vernaculars; pre-Islamic Arabic vernaculars



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