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“Charis” And “Eleos” In Paul’s Letter To The Romans

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Chapter Summary

This chapter suggests that one follow suit and use the English word favour when referring to χάρις. It deals with both cases, viz. χάρις and ἒλεος, with words which can refer to a relation between God and humankind in which God acts towards humans. Just a handful of scholars set out to clarify the source domain of Pauls metaphor of favour. A brief review of some useful contributions to this question is described in the chapter. The chapter clarifies why Paul changes his terminology from that of favour to that of mercy when he deals with the situation of the Jews. In Alexandria Philo knew that God mingles his saving mercy with his righteousness. Paul inherited the tradition that Christ died for our sins, or that he was delivered concerning our sins. Language used to praise imperial beneficence was mapped unto traditional Israelite-Jewish belief.

Keywords: God; Israelite-Jewish belief; Pauls letter



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