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The "God Of Heaven" In Persian And Hellenistic Times

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Chapter Summary

The earlier traditions in the Hebrew Bible preserved alternative places for the dwelling of God. E.g., the Book of Isaiah and several Psalms prefer the idea that God's place is at Zion. Religious concepts in pre-exilic times first of all locate the divine presence within a worldly or earthly topography. Here, the locations of Zion and Sinai are only prominent examples among others. In Hellenistic times, several designations of the God of Israel could be brought together under the concept of the "God of Heaven". The religiohistorical background of the epithet "God of heaven" in connection with the invention of the title in Jewish literature from Persian times remains rather shadowy. Nevertheless, the examined concept of "God in heaven" in Enochic apocalypticism could have benefit from the Persian tradition with its stress on the divine authority and legitimacy.

Keywords: Enochic apocalypticism; Hebrew Bible; Hellenistic times; Israel; Jewish literature; Persian; Sinai; Zion

10.1163/ej.9789004186262.i-402.9
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