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Chapter Summary

This introductory chapter discusses about the origins of the United Nations (UN) Charter. The UN Declaration was signed by twenty-six governments. The Declaration of the Four Nations who participated in the Conference (the United States, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and China) recognized &t;the necessity of establishing at the earliest practicable date a general international organization, based on the principle of the sovereign equality of all peace-loving States and open to membership by all such States, large and small, for the maintenance of international peace and security&t;. The International Court of Justice, consisting of 15 judges, is defined by Article 92 as the &t;principal judicial organ&t; of the UN. Its activity is governed both by the Charter and by the annexed Statute. The Charter, of which the Statute of the International Court of Justice is an integral part, is an international treaty.

Keywords: China; International Court of Justice; Soviet Union; United Kingdom; United Nations Charter; United States



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