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Evolution Of China's Social Policy

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Chapter Summary

This chapter examines the environment, content, focus, establishment and problems of China's social policy evolution during these 30 years. When examining the environment in which China's social policy has evolved, two areas merit consideration. One concerns China's fundamental national conditions and the other concerns new indicators of social development. Social policies redistribute wealth, providing social resources to invest in people, thus improving the environment people live in and their capabilities. The "Great Leap Forward" and the "People's Communes" were representative of society's only ideology. Chinese society's ruling ideology has always been one which makes officials the center of everything and government omnipotent. The development of a civil society has been hindered, and weak civic and social organizations have been unable to become powerful social forces driving the development of social policy. The prevalence of evil forces over good forces is the tragedy of today's China.

Keywords: China's fundamental national conditions; China's social policy; Great Leap Forward; People's Communes



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