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Yhwh Ṣ̣eba'ot dans Isaïe à la lumière de l'épigraphie hebraïque et araméenne

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Chapter Summary

The phrase 'Yahweh fbà'ôt' is well known as one of the characteristics of Isaiah. It appears 56 times in chapters 1 to 39 and 6 times in Second Isaiah. The frequency of this name in first Isaiah was closer to the significance of Jerusalem and its temple in the preaching of Isaiah in the late eighth century. This phrase seems to have been linked to the proclamation that is Yahweh himself defending his city, Zion / Jerusalem against its enemies. The association of this name with the temple of Jerusalem is clear from the Isaiah vocation story in Isaiah 6: 3, 5, and in 8: 13-14, where it is linked to the concept of holiness. More than two centuries later, the epigraphic documentation of the original Judean community living in Elephantine in Upper Egypt, revealed the popular use of another form of this phrase.

Keywords: Yahweh fbà'ôt; Isaiah; Jerusalem; Judean community



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