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Divine Titles in Proto-Isaiah and Ezekiel by Johan Lust

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Chapter Summary

This chapter offers a comparison between Isaiah and Ezekiel. The divine title or name Adōnay occurs much more frequently in Ezekiel than in Isaiah. In Isaiah, the distribution of double name is completely different. Most of the attestations are found outside formulaic contexts: 15 times, in sharp contrast to Ezekiel. The formulaic occurrences are almost exclusively limited to messenger formula. More often than not, Isaiah uses messenger and oracular formulas without the double name. This does not necessarily mean that the personal relationship between prophet and his Lord God, expressed in Ezekiels exclusive use of the double name, is absent in Isaiah. Although it is nowadays usual to consider Isaiah, or at least Proto-Isaiah, as a unified literary composition, most commentators agree that the preserved text is result of a long literary growth. The chapter takes Marvin Sweeney as the guide, compares his position with that of some other scholars.

Keywords: Adōnay; divine title; Ezekiel; Lord God; Marvin Sweeney; prophet; proto-Isaiah



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