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Visions From Memphis And Leontopolis. The Phenomenon Of The Vision Reports In The Greek Isaiah In The Light Of Contemporary Accounts From Hellenistic Egypt

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Chapter Summary

Over the last century the question of the Sitz im Leben has played an important role in Septuagint research. The approach to this corpus of Greek translations of the books of the Hebrew Bible depends to a considerable extent on presuppositions about Septuagint origins, provenance, and purpose. According to Van der Kooij, the Greek version of Isaiah is not only a fairly free translation of the Hebrew original, but also an actualization of the ancient prophecies. In his view, the Greek translator understood the prophecies in the Book of Isaiah as predictions that found their fulfilment in his own times. The Egyptian oracles from Hellenistic times have largely been ignored in biblical scholarship. These Egyptian Hellenistic texts are furthermore all related to the religious centre of Lower Egypt, the ancient capital city Memphis, and reflect to some extent the political interests of the Memphite priesthood.

Keywords: Egyptian Hellenistic texts; Greek Isaiah; Memphis; Septuagint research



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