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Chapter Summary

Kharia has five distinctive monophthongal vowel phonemes. This chapter presents the consonant phonemes of Kharia, given in what is now more or less the standard transliteration. The status of forms given in parentheses "( )" as phonemes is uncertain. Kharia words of native origin all have the syllable structure (C)V(C), where "C" is a consonant and "V" a vowel or nasal. Morphophonological phenomena can conveniently be divided into two groups. In the first group, these are restricted to a particular morpheme or morphemes. The second group is more phonologically conditioned, i.e, the changes here are due only to the phonotactic rules of the language and are not restricted to particular morphemes. Kharia has no distinctive tones or accent. Nevertheless, as will be shown in the following pages, the pitch pattern plays an important role in defining the phonological word in Kharia.

Keywords: Kharia; monophthongal; phonemes; syllable structure; vowel



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