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Parts Of Speech And The Lexicon

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Chapter Summary

In Kharia, or rather, in the Simdega dialect of Kharia, what correspond to noun phrases and verbs in English have the same underlying structure. This chapter begins with a traditional discussion of "precategorialty" in Kharia where all contentive morphemes may appear in predicative, referential or attributive function, given the appropriate context. The chapter examines three derivational morphemes/processes involving infixation and reduplication which are often considered nominalizers in Munda languages and which require some discussion. It is shown that what at first glance appear tobe "nouns" and "verbs" in Kharia are in fact not lexical categories at all but rather syntactic constructions, neither of which can be equated with the endocentric categories NP/DP or VP/IP. The chapter then presents a summary of the discussion of parts of speech in Kharia. Finally, it deals with other issues related to the lexicon, primarily the so-called "compounds" and "nominal incorporation".

Keywords: Kharia; lexicon; morphemes; NP

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