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The Case-Syntagma ("NPs")

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Chapter Summary

This chapter discusses syntactically well-formed semantic basewhether simple or complexmay function as the semantic base of both a TAM/PERSON-syntagma or a Case-syntagma, for ease of presentation and reference those categories which are generally found in the semantic base of a Case-syntagma, such as number marking, demonstratives, etc. Case is denoted in Kharia by enclitics which attach directly to the rightmost element of the semantic head of a Case-syntagma. Adpositional phrases in Kharia consist of adpositions, generally postpositions, and a semantic base, often marked for the genitive. Kharia has three grammatical numbers, both on Case-syntagmas and TAM/PERSON-syntagmas: Singular (unmarked), dual (marked by =kiyar) and plural (marked by =ki). Kharia distinguishes morphosyntactically between alienable and inalienable attributive possession. With alienable possession, the possessor appears in the genitive before the lexical head of the semantic base. The chapter deals with proforms which correspond in function largely to pronouns in other languages.

Keywords: Case-syntagma; inalienable; Kharia; TAM/PERSON-syntagma



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