Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Roman Army Religion

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this chapter

+ Tax (if applicable)

Chapter Summary

The religion of the Roman army was essentially a continuation and adaptation of the traditional beliefs and practices adopted over time by the Roman state. Traditional Roman religion largely reflected the needs and concerns of an agricultural society and many of the holidays observed on the religious calendar corresponded to important milestones in the annual agrarian cycle. The practice of fusing one god to another, syncretism or the interpretatio Romana, was widespread throughout the Roman world and is evidenced by the many surviving dedications left by soldiers in which the name of a local god is grafted onto that of a traditional Roman deity. The cult of the standards was the primary cult used to instill loyalty to the unit, the state and the ruling dynasty. The cult of Mithras has many proponents among those scholars looking for possible alternatives to Christianity.

Keywords: Christianity; cult of Mithras; cult of the standards; religion of the Roman army; Roman state



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Soldiering for God — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation