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Les aspects prophétiques des développements mariologiques au IIe siècle et leurs trajectoires au IVe siècle : Quelques remarques et réflexions

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Chapter Summary

This chapter focuses on the issue of the collyridiennes and also on the final fate of Mary. The collyridiennes are a group of Christian women mentioned by Epiphanius in his Panarion in 79, and considered by him as a heretic. According to Epiphanius, the collyridiennes or Collyridians dedicate a true worship of the Virgin Mary they consider the equal of God. Mary is thus seen as a substitute for God. The cult of collyridiennes refers to some women who adorn a stool or a quadrangular seat and cover it with a tablecloth. These women meet in one place and offer bread to Mary. This bread is called collyris, which is probably a diminutive of collyra. Some women also adorn a priestly function during the Eucharistic sacrifice. The bishop of Salamis seems more reserved about the idea of the immortality of Mary who is regarded as a goddess by the collyridiennes. The original text of the chapter is in French.

Keywords: bishop of Salamis; collyridiennes; collyris; Epiphanius; Virgin Mary



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