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Treasures From Ancient Libraries

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Chapter Summary

At the time of the Spanish invasion, the Ñuu Dzaui sovereign communities had been struggling for some decades against the military expansion of the Mexica empire. One of them had a special, superior status: the yuvui tayu of Ñuu Tnoo, 'Black Town' (Tilantongo). According to Friar Antonio de los Reyes its royal dynasty was held in high esteem, because it went back to the time in which the different realms or village-states had been founded. Like other ancient lineages, it descended from the First Lords who had been born from a huge tree in the town of Yuta Tnoho (Apoala). This chapter takes the last precolonial king of Ñuu Tnoo, Lord 4 Deer, as a point of departure to discuss briefly the main sources, their relationships and early history. It also looks at other codices, related to the Ñuu Tnoo historiography, but clearly coming from other places.

Keywords: Ñuu Dzaui sovereign communities; Ñuu Tnoo historiography; Lord 4 Deer; Mexica empire; military expansion; Spanish invasion; Yuta Tnoho; yuvui tayu



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