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Pictish Place-Names Revisited

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Chapter Summary

This chapter aims to do two things. The first is to attempt what a Pictish place-name is, and discuss some of the problems of distinguishing between place-names coined by speakers of Pictish and place-names coined by speakers of other Celtic languages in northern Britain. The second is to re-examine the distribution of place-names in northern Britain which contain certain elements defined as P-Celtic. The chapter concentrates on the place-name evidence which provides the strongest indication of the existence in northern Britain of a P-Celtic language closely related to Brittonic or British. A wider survey of Pictish place-names should also take into account all names, which were used by the Picts and mediated by them to their successors. The chapter contains 4 appendixes namely degrees of Pictishness, the problem of Cardean, a note on Keir and certain Pictish names. It also contains country abbreviations and a list of reference articles.

Keywords: Celtic languages; Northern Britain; Pictish place-names



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