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The Problem Of Equality In The Church And Society

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Chapter Summary

The ancient Mediterranean world was redolent with economic, national, racial, social, and gender hierarchies, divisions, and inequalities, like many societies in the modern world. This chapter focuses on the evidence for the theoretical and practical conceptions of equality in early Christianity, with emphasis on equality in the three areas of nationality, social status and gender, under the assumption that equality is a basic constituent of human rights everywhere. One of Paul's central emphases, particularly in Romans and Galatians, is that the traditional God of Israel is no respecter of persons and has therefore prepared a way of salvation not only for Jews, but also for Gentiles. Since ca. 1970, scholarly discussions of the meaning and implications of Gal 3:28 have proliferated, in large part because of the importance of the passage for Christian feminism.

Keywords: Galatians 3:28; gender equality; God; Paul



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