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Paratextual Literature In Action: Historical Apocalypses With The Names Of Daniel And Isaiah In Byzantine And Old Bulgarian Tradition (11th-13th Centuries)

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Chapter Summary

Byzantine chronography provides the most authoritative source on the formation of the Christian view of world history. Paratextual historical-apocalyptic works linked to the name of the Prophet Daniel were widespread in the literature of the Middle East and the Mediterranean: we know of Greek, Jewish-Arabic, Syrian, Persian and Armenian examples. The popularity of the Prophet Isaiah in Bulgarian lands is explained by scholars in different ways. Some connect it with the early translation into Old Bulgarian of Ascensio Isaiae, which was disseminated widely, others with the legend that the relics of the prophet are in the Osogovo monastery. Historical apocalypses with the names of Daniel and Isaiah are usually included by scholars among the Slavonic pesudepigrapha and apocrypha. We can determine four stages in the translation and dissemination of this paratextual literature with no absolute limits between them.

Keywords: Byzantine rule; historical apocalypses; Old Bulgarian literature; paratextual literature; Prophet Daniel; Prophet Isaiah



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