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Chapter Summary

The examination of morphology in the Judaeo-Arabic Genizah letters is complicated by intertwined orthographical and morphological phenomena, to the degree that it is often difficult to tell whether a variation is orthographical in origin or whether it actually indicates morphological change. Letters from the 13th century show few variations although considerably more forms deviate from Classical Arabic norms than in the earlier material. In contrast, the Late Judaeo-Arabic sources allow much deeper insights into vernacular morphology. Arabic distinguishes between independent and personal pronouns, which occur in the nominative, and pronouns that are affixed to verbs and nouns, in genitive, dative and accusative functions. There is very little variation in the independent pronouns. The suffixed pronouns, however, show a variety of forms. In Modern Egyptian Arabic, the conjugation of geminate verbs shows some differences in comparison to Classical Arabic.

Keywords: independent pronouns; Judaeo-Arabic Genizah letters; morphological change; personal pronouns; suffixed pronouns



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