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Europe’s Demographic Future

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Chapter Summary

The world's population nearly quadrupled in the course of the past century. And it still grows by about 230,000 heads per day, moving up to 9.4 billion in 2050. In detail; demographic trends follow different paths in the different European countries, one reason for this being that fertility levels are distributed unevenly across the continent. The median age of the European population, which stood at 31 in 1950, had reached 38 in 2005 and is set to rise to 48 by 2050. The origins of most migrants to Europe have either a historical or geographical basis. All European countries have problems integrating their migrants adequately into society. Most immigrants have poor qualifications, and their children tend to follow the same trend. While education is the central answer to Europe's demographic problems, it is also a necessary precondition for another policy option: working longer.

Keywords: demographic trends; education; European population



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