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April 1849: The Transylvanian Debacle

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Chapter Summary

On 14 April 1849, the Hungarian Diet, having left the besieged Pest and now sitting in Debrecen instead, proclaimed the independence of Hungary. The Committee of National Defense was dissolved, and Kossuth was elected Governor of Hungary. In a letter to Kossuth, ászló Teleki a liberal member of the Transylvanian Diet, voiced his fears that the forces of nationalism had become so powerful that not only Austria as an empire, but also the historic Hungary of Saint Stephen, were doomed. Ion Ghica notably urged the leaders of the Transylvanian Romanians to cease military operations against the Magyars, offering for their consideration the prospect of a future, democratic Hungarian Diet in which the Slav and Romanian deputies would outnumber the Hungarians.

Keywords: Ion Ghica; Romanians; Transylvanian debacle



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