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1851: London. Mazzini’s European Democratic Committee

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Chapter Summary

In the summer of 1850, Giuseppe Mazzini, exiled in London, had formed the Central European Democratic Committee, an underground association bringing together some of the leading republicans, revolutionaries and radicals expelled from their countries by the defeat of the 1848 movements, people such as the former Montagnard Alexandre Ledru-Rollin, the Pole Albert Darász and the German professor of philosophy Arnold Ruge. Romanian moderates such as Ion Ghica and Nicolae Balcescu were reluctant to join the Committee and risk appearing, in Ghica's words, as the "anarchists and enemies of social order" feared by the Turkish and the European governments. In April 1851, Dumitru Brătianu, arrived in London with a letter to Mazzini from Edgar Quinet and another to Ledru- Rollin from Michelet. Mazzini also negotiated an agreement between Hungarians and Romanians prior to Bratianu's admission to the Committee.

Keywords: European democratic committee; Giuseppe Mazzini; Romanians

10.1163/ej.9789004187795.i-384.29
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