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The Elections

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Chapter Summary

The British envoy to Wallachia, Sir Henry Bulwer Lytton, appointed to the European Commission on 23 July 1856, was a former secretary of embassy in Constantinople and Paris and minister-plenipotentiary in Madrid and Washington. Under pressure, Bulwer prepared a report, commissioned by Clarendon, in which he tiptoed uncomfortably around what was, he knew, the pet cause of his Romanian liberal hosts. Irrespective of Romanian expectations and in parallel with Bulwer's uneasy reflections on the matter, France and England had in fact already agreed by the Pact of Osborne of 9 August 1857 on allowing in principle a loose administrative union of Moldavia and Wallachia, a union conceived differently by the two powers. Most sources indicate overwhelming support for the union in both Principalities and among all social classes, including a far from politically apathetic peasantry.

Keywords: Clarendon; Constantinople; European Commission; Madrid; Romanian liberal hosts; Washington



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