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1858: The Congress Of Paris And The Union Of The Principalities

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Chapter Summary

Debates in the Wallachian and Moldavian Ad-hoc assemblies, where for the first time in Romanian history the peasants were represented, were often locked in cross-class conflicts over future reforms and legislation. The blueprint agreed upon at the Convention of Paris on 19 August 1858 has been described as a "clumsy piece of machinery". It left the Principalities formally under Ottoman suzerainty, without specifically granting them the right to unite, but provided them with a broad autonomy, which allowed them to pursue their own policies without Ottoman interference. The Romanian union saga did ultimately end with the elections of 24 January 1859 which famously led to the de facto union of the two provinces. Dumitru Brătianu became the Wallachian Foreign Minister in the new government led by his fellow forty-eighter Ion Filipescu.

Keywords: congress of Paris; Dumitru Brătianu; Ion Filipescu



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