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Religion And Politics In Portugal: Religious Landscape And Prospective Developments

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Chapter Summary

This chapter begins with a statistical approach based on the inventories of the population. Four decades later, there was a decrease of Catholics in over 6 %, and an increase of persons "without religion" by 4.5%. The changes in political power in 1974 substantially contributed to the reconfiguration of the Portuguese society as a whole. One must emphasize that national identity continues to be deeply connected to a Catholic cultural universe that was particularly evident in Religious and Moral Pluralism Survey (RAMP). Veracity of religion was one of the questions in the survey that brings us more directly the issue of pluralism. Until the republican revolution of 1910, the Roman Apostolic Catholic Religion had always been considered the Kingdom's Religion. The establishment of the Republican regime in 1910 initiates a new type of relationship between the political and religious spheres based on the Law of Separation between State and Church.

Keywords: Catholicism; legal relationship; Portuguese religiousframe; Religious and Moral Pluralism Survey (RAMP)



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