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Chapter Two

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Chapter Summary

The Palatinate was the archetype for imperial territories adopting a Reformed confession and played a fateful role that finally ran its course in the tragedy of the Thirty Years War. The difference between how Martin Luther and Zwingli understood the Lord's Supper would be the root of the separation of the continental Protestant movement into two main bodies, Lutheran and Reformed. The period between the Heidelberg disputation and the publication of the Heidelberg Catechism marked the era of Thomas Erastus's greatest influence on the Palatine church. Erastus's influence on Palatine religious developments mirrored the unrivaled status that Bullinger and the Zurich church possessed as outside theological authorities in the early days of the Palatine Reformed movement. The emerging Palatine church was nourished by Bucerian, Melanchthonian, Calvinist, and Zwinglian streams.

Keywords: Heidelberg catechism; Lord's Supper; palatinate; Thomas Erastus; Zwinglian streams



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