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Chapter Five

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Chapter Summary

This chapter tells the story of the Heidelberg conflict regarding church discipline, and reveals how Thomas Erastus's ideas crystallized during that conflict. The Heidelberg conflict focused on the question of who should police the moral lives of the faithful in a Christian state. The process of establishing Reformed belief in the Palatinate continued with the acceptance of the Heidelberg Catechism at a territorial synod in January of 1563. Opinions were sharply divided in the mid-1560s as to whether the Heidelberg Catechism deviated from the Augsburg Confession and thus violated the Peace of Augsburg. A factor which signaled a change in the religious policy of the Palatinate was the state-mandated iconoclasm, which began in the late summer 1564 and continued into 1565. In the years following the Maulbronn colloquy, Erastus engaged in a curious if little studied exchange with the Tübingen philosopher and medical professor Jakob Schegk.

Keywords: Augsburg Confession; iconoclasm; Jakob Schegk; Palatine reformed church; Thomas Erastus



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