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Civil Organizations, Special Purpose Reforms And Institutional Innovations

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Chapter Summary

This chapter introduces several major policies reforming civil organizations: de-administration-ization reforms, tax reforms, information disclosure, and evaluation. These policies signify that China's civil organizations have already abandoned campaign-style management and are well on their way to becoming scientific, systematic, and legally established. Before discussing these reforms one at a time, we begin with an introduction to the Chinese Communist Party's (CCP) recent macro-policies on civil organizations in order to clarify the political foundations of reforms. The system of tax exemptions and reductions for China's civil organizations is extremely complicated, and it revolves around four considerations. The first is how to vigorously stimulate civil organizations; the second concerns the capacity of the current system to absorb changes; the third is how to supervise tax exemptions and reductions; and the fourth is how to maintain fair competition between civil and other types of organizations.

Keywords: China; Chinese Communist Party's (CCP); civil organizations



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