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The Ecological Situation In Western China And Response Strategies

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Chapter Summary

The fast growth of China's economy during the past three decades has mainly relied on the extensive economic growth model, which consumes huge amounts of resources and carries a high price in terms of environmental degradation and resource depletion. Payments for ecological services have their roots in the theories of externalities, valuation of ecological services, public goods, and environmental property rights. The extensive model of economic growth has caused energy and resource intensive polluting industries grow fast in certain regions. Since the 1980s, systems of payment for ecological services have been implemented in many countries and regions, mainly used in the areas of the planning and management of water resources, environmental protection in agriculture activities, forestation and reafforestation, ecological reservation and restoration, carbon sequestering, and landscape protection. Beneficiary pays principle (BPP) is one of the main hurdles in the way of improving ecological compensation.

Keywords:beneficiary pays principle (BPP); ecological services; environmental protection; Western China



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