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Hagar In The Book Of Jubilees

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Chapter Summary

The figure of Hagar occurs fifteen times in the work of Philo of Alexandria, alongside twelve mentions of her name in De congressu eruditionis gratia, and apart from the passages in QG 3.13 and following. Philo's theme of the distinction between wisdom and the enkyklios paideia therefore has various connections with other fundamental motifs in his work. In the first place with his interpretation of Abraham's migration. Philo's concept of the disciplines and Wisdom therefore implies a non-Stoic epistemology. In effect Philo is the first Gnostic, in the sense of somebody who privileges gnōsis of a kind which is incommensurable with the knowledge of ordinary mortals. Philo shares Aristotle's admiration for Homer, as some sixty quotations from the Iliad and Odyssey bear witness. Philo must have borrowed the idea of the enkyklios paideia from the lost dialogues of Aristotle that he knew quite well.

Keywords:Aristotle; Enkyklios Paideia; Hagar; Philo of Alexandria



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