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Final Reflections: The Vicissitudes Of Anarchist And Syndicalist Trajectories, 1940 To The Present

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Chapter Summary

Anarchism, revolutionary syndicalism, and socialism were important elements in the making of the working class in late 19th and early 20th century Brazil. The spread of republican ideas was accompanied by accelerating modernization, involving secularization, industrial development, urbanization, and immigration. Without immigration, the diffusion of anarchist and syndicalist ideas, as well as those of socialism, and the practices and experiences linked to these currents, would not have taken place in the same way, nor indeed set down roots, in parts of Brazil. Anarchist groups played an important role in the key the workers' struggles of the First Republic, such as the campaign for the eight-hour day, and the struggles of 1912-1913 and 1917-19. The São Paulo workers who built vehicles initiated the transformation of the movement into general strike. In 1919, the labour movement in Brazil""and primarily, in São Paulo""entered its most intense phase, with an enormous wave of strikes.

Keywords:anarchism; Brazil; immigration; revolutionary syndicalism; São Paulo; syndicalist movement



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