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Anarchism And The Question Of Place: Thoughts From The Chinese Experience

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Chapter Summary

The Makhnovist movement of 1917-1921 represents the clearest and most powerful manifestation of anarchism in Ukraine. The anarchist movement in Ukraine, as in Russia as a whole, originated in the Populist or narodnik movement of the 1870s and 1880s. However, in the 1880s most of the narodnik groups moved away from anarchism, or were crushed by the tsarist regime. The February revolution of 1917, which represented the start of the Great Russian Revolution, led to an upsurge in the anarchist movement in the Ukraine. The creation of an independent centre of power in the Gulyai-Pole district was treated with hostility by the official district administration. An exhausting partisan war began against the Reds. The Makhnovists attacked the smaller detachments, people working in the Bolshevik apparatus, and warehouses. Makhno remains in history as a rebel and the personification of the distinctive nature of the revolution and the civil war in Ukraine.

Keywords:anarchist movement; civil war; Makhnovist Movement; Ukraine



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