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Syndicalism, Industrial Unionism, And Nationalism In Ireland

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Chapter Summary

At first glance early 20th century Peru would seem an unlikely setting for anarcho-syndicalism to flourish. A predominantly agrarian society with a large and economically marginal indigenous population, Peru scarcely resembled a nation in the second stage of industrial manufacturing. This chapter examines how anarcho-syndicalist ideas were adapted to Peruvian contexts, primarily in Lima-Callao and the southern region of Arequipa, Cuzco, and Puno during the 1910s and 1920s, the heyday of Peruvian anarcho-syndicalism. It analyzes the ways anarchosyndicalism challenged the combination of oligarchic rule by Peru's creole planter class and British and US imperialism in the form of economic control over the lucrative export sectors and domestic manufacturing. This challenge mainly consisted of organising labour unions and cultural associations, fostering a radical proletarian counterculture, and promoting class struggles.

Keywords:agrarian society; British; industrial manufacturing; Peruvian anarcho-syndicalism; US imperialism



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