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Steel Is Made Through Persistent Tempering

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Chapter Summary

The phrase Bai lian cheng gang means that steel is made through persistent tempering, and it attests to blacksmiths in ancient China who claimed to have made steel out of pig iron by continuously tempering the metal to not only blend with mixed ores but also rid itself of impurities. China experienced a traumatic coming-of-age while entering the modern era. In the late nineteenth century, British gunships relied on superior cannons to crack open China's coastlines during the Opium War (1839-41). The trope of steelmaking was converted into a soul-searching apprenticeship to serve the CCP's agenda to educate thousands of youths who had been inspired by the ideals of revolution.

Keywords: China; nineteenth century; persistent tempering; steel



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