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Philosophy And The Synod Of Dordt. Aristotelianism, Humanism, And The Case Against Arminianism

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Chapter Summary

In this chapter, the author argues for the absence of direct links between the philosophical views adopted by the delegates and the conclusions reached in the theological issues debated at Dordt almost four hundred years ago. It should be noted that a significant number of the delegates at the Synod were professional philosophers or authored at least one publication in this field of learning. The chapter focuses on two Dutch theologians with philosophical leanings who participated in the Synod and opposed Arminianism both prior to the Synod and afterwards on philosophical grounds: Antonius Walaeus and William Ames. It offers some biographical information, followed by an outline of their views on philosophy and its relation to theology, and finally a presentation of the philosophical arguments against the Arminians. Ames combined his humanist view on theology with a scholastic approach to specific philosophical problems and the use of a sophisticated technical terminology.

Keywords: Antonius Walaeus; Arminianism; Arminians; humanism; philosophy; Synod of Dordt; William Ames



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