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Gisbertus Samuels, A Reformed Minister Sentenced By The Synod Of Zeeland In 1591 For His Opinions On Predestination

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Chapter Summary

This chapter demonstrates that as early as 1591, the provincial synod of Zeeland had already been confronted with a minister who objected to the sixteenth article of the Dutch Confession. The acts of the four classes of Zeeland make it clear that there had been more under discussion at the 1591 Synod of Zeeland than just the issues addressed in its published product. The chapter traces one such matterwhich occasioned significant controversythrough the acts of the Classis of Tholen. It concerned a minister named Gisbertus Samuels. The issue of predestination came up in the first meeting in December 1588 and was further discussed in a second meeting in January 1589. Research on Samuels demonstrates the existence of an interregional, urban discussion culture engaging themes such as predestination, election, free will, perfectibility, and sanctification.

Keywords: Classis of Tholen; Dutch Confession; Gisbertus Samuels; predestination; synod of Zeeland



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