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The Remarkable Struggle Of Textual Criticism And Text-Genealogy To Become Truly Scientific

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Chapter Summary

In the nineteenth century Karl Lachmann introduced a new text-critical method. The Method of Lachmann prescribes that the textual scholar must develop a stemma before starting any emendation activities. This chapter challenges the scientific character of the so-called objective, inductive approaches and presents the authors own neo-Lachmannian approach, which is influenced by biological cladistic insights about building genealogies. The theory it presents is subjective and deductive, but its subjectivity is accounted for, and the results can be verified. Popper suggests that there are at least two conditions under which it is acceptable that a scholar uses subjective ideas or hypotheses as his or her starting point of research. The chapter demonstrates how this may be done using the research on the text-genealogical relationship of fourteen different text versions of the Dutch medieval play Lanseloet van Denemerken. Textual criticism is the art of finding and/or removing unoriginal textual elements in texts.

Keywords: Karl Lachmann; Lanseloet van Denemerken; text-genealogical relationship; textual criticism



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